Escorted Rail Tours to Niagara Falls
Journey on the Maid of the Mist
Straddling the US-Canadian border, between the state of New York and the province of Ontario, Niagara Falls attracts as many as 12 million tourists every year. The Falls are split into three separate sections: the American Falls, the small Bridal Veil Falls, and the Canadian/Horseshoe Falls. The complex of the falls date back about 12,000 years, when melting glaciers allowed a passage of water from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. It is believed that the waterfalls themselves were about seven miles away from their present site at that time, but that erosion has cut them back.
The Horseshoe Falls are the second largest falls in the world, after the Victoria Falls in southern Africa. They are also the easiest to access and view. Here the Niagara River cascades over the crest at the rate of 600,000 US gallons every second, travelling at 20 miles per hour. They are an impressive 2,600 feet (792 metres) wide, and stand at a height of 167 feet (51 metres).