Extending hundreds of miles above the Arctic Circle, beautiful Lapland takes up about a quarter of Sweden's land mass. This wonderful array of forests, wide and open valleys, water and wetland is also the country's most sparsely populated region. Lapland's vast territory was largely unknown and undiscovered until the late 19th century, when a railway line to the iron ore mines farther north made the region more accessible to Sweden's southern population.
Lapland, much of which is protected as a national park or a nature reserve, is still largely inhabited by the native Sami people. One of the most famous features of this part of the world is that, during each summer, there are seventy days of continuous sunlight.
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