Hohensalzburg Fortress dominates the city's skyline, built in
1077 by Prince Gebhard, offering breathtaking views of Salzburg and
the Alps. The landmark is the biggest and most fully-preserved
fortification in Europe having gradually expanded with the
construction of the ring walls and towers in 1462. In 1515 Cardinal
Matthäus Lang, who was later Archbishop of Salzburg documented the
Reisszug line, a private funicular providing goods access to the
fortress, believed to date back to 1495. The line still exists and
is believed to be the oldest recorded freight line in the world. In
the 1930s the fortress was used as a prison to hold Italian
prisoners during World War I. It was refurbished in the 20th
century and is now a popular visitor destination.
The presence of Mozart is everywhere in Salzburg. The Mozart
family lived at Getreidegasse 9, from 1747 to 1773, and it was here
that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on 27th January 1756.