The charming maritime port town of Falmouth is one of the southernmost towns on the British mainland. It is known for its location at the end of the Carrick Roads, an immense river estuary that empties into the world's third-deepest natural harbor. Falmouth's livelihood has always been closely linked with its harbor.
Falmouth's prosperity was such that in 1540, Henry VIII built Pendennis Castle to defend the Carrick Roads and the port from any potential attacks. In later centuries, Falmouth continued to make its fortunes, delivering mail and other cargo to the ever-expanding reaches of the British Empire.
Nowadays, Falmouth remains an important center for shipbuilding and repairs, though it is also one of Cornwall's most popular resorts. Attractions here include the atmospheric remains of Pendennis Castle, as well as the excellent National Maritime Museum, which boasts one of the largest nautical collections in the UK.