With a name meaning 'at the mouth of the Dee', Aberdeen's fortunes have been inextricably linked to its position on the river estuary ever since it was settled. As Scotland's third-largest city, it is a busy sea port with a thriving centre. Much of Aberdeen began to grow after the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, after Robert the Bruce rewarded the loyal townspeople for their help. Soon the then-town had expanded, and was one of Scotland's largest fishing centres. In later centuries this trade had increased Aberdeen's wealth, which led to the building of many grand buildings. Much of the centre - including the roads - is made of granite.
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The Aberdeen landscape
Oil was discovered in the North Sea in the early 20th century and since that time Aberdeen has become the main onshore service port for one of the largest oilfields in the world. Today there is much to see in the city; Aberdeen harbour is home to a charming selection of historic fishermen's cottages, and nearby is the city's stretch of golden beach. There is also the 15th century St Machar's Cathedral and the genteel district of Old Aberdeen, where stone mansions line leafy lanes, which are both well worth a visit during your time here.