Adelaide, the 'City of Churches' is Australia's fifth largest
city located in Southern Australia. More than 40,000 years ago the
Kaurna Aboriginal people settled the Adelaide Plains, calling it
Tandanya (place of the red kangaroo). It was not until 1836 the
city was founded and named after Queen Adelaide, wife of King
William IV. Adelaide's first settlers were free immigrants from
diverse places, including Great Britain, Germany, Poland, Spain,
Italy, China, Afghanistan and Scandinavia, all leaving their mark
on the city of South Australia.
Adelaide is noted for its many festivals and sporting events,
its food, wine and culture and its long beachfronts. As South
Australia's seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is
the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of
these are concentrated in the city centre along the cultural
boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various
districts of the metropolitan area.