Located close to the burial mound of Shi Huang, the first
Emperor of China, is the Terracotta Army (or Terra Cotta Warriors
and Horses). Created during the Emperor's reign and buried with him
in 210-209 BC, the army of over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots, 520
horses and 120 cavalry horses, were only discovered in 1974 by
local farmers - entirely by chance.
The full extent of the Mausoleum to Qin and the Terracotta Army
is not yet known, although historians from a time shortly after the
Emperor's death record as many as 700,000 workers being involved in
The Terracotta Army figures were made by local craftsmen and
hired labourers in specially designated workshops. Each soldier's
torso, head, legs and arms were made separately and then assembled.
Facial features were added and facial characteristics changed to
create entirely unique warriors, despite the fact that only eight
face moulds were used.
Once completed, the figures were placed into specially dug pits,
lined up in order of rank and duty. Most of the figures held real
weapons including swords, spears and crossbows. The figures were
brightly painted to create a realistic appearance - although the
paintwork has faded or peeled and many of the original weapons
looted shortly after the mausoleum was completed.