The arrival of the railway in York improved the city's
fortunes, with the railway industry employing nearly 6,000 local
people, and tourism to the city became far more popular.
Furthermore, being roughly the midpoint on the railway between
London and Edinburgh, York was once again in a brilliant position
for freight trade. Today York retains many signs of its early
prosperity, as well as the influence of the Romans, Vikings, Saxons
and Normans in its rich architecture. With so much of its beautiful
Medieval centre still intact today, the city is a delight to
explore. Exploring York is a hugely rewarding experience, and you
will need to choose your options carefully. The city encompasses a
wealth of historic treasures, surrounded by its magnificent 13th
century walls, with their four gates, or 'bars' as they are known.
Perhaps take a stroll along the walls for a different perspective
of the beautiful city. Other options include an open-top bus tour
and a cruise on the River Ouse.
The largest Gothic Cathedral in Northern Europe, York Minster was consecrated in 1472
AD, and towers above the city's Medieval streets. Highlights of the
Minster include the stunning Great East Window, which dates back to
1408 and is the world's largest Medieval stained glass window.
Another popular feature is the striking 15th century choir screen,
which depicts sculptures of the Kings of England from William I to
Henry VI. If you're feeling really energetic, perhaps climb the
Minster's central tower for the terrific views over the city. Even
today, buildings in York are not permitted to be as tall as the
Minster, so the views are certainly far-reaching.
The National Railway Museum
The natural successor to the former North Eastern Railway's museum
in York, the National Railway
Museum first opened in 1975, and was the first national
museum outside of London. The collection was housed in the former
engine shed for York station, which is today known as the Great
Hall. One of the former goods storage halls was redesigned to look
like a railway station, and was opened as an extension in the early
1990s, now known as the Station Hall.
The Jorvik Viking Centre
Standing on the site of many Viking archaeological finds,
the Jorvik Viking
Centre recreates some of York's streets as they would have
been when the city was called Jorvik and was the capital of the
Viking Kingdom - right down to the smell! There is also a number of
Viking artefacts found in the city on display.
The Shambles is regarded as one of the best preserved Medieval
streets in Europe, although the name is also used to refer
collectively to the surrounding maze of narrow, twisting lanes and
alleys as well. The street is mentioned in the Domesday Book,
meaning it has been in continuous existence for well over 900
years. It was originally home to a number of butchers, and many of
their hooks and meat shelves are still present on the street
Opened on the site of York Castle's former prison section,
the York Castle Museum features a
number of displays about life in the past. These range from a
feature on life for prisoners to Kirkgate, a recreated Victorian
street alive with the sights, sounds and characters from more than
100 years ago.
The principal remains of York's Medieval castle, Clifford's Tower was built
originally by William the Conqueror to subdue the Northern
Rebellion. Situated on top of an artificial mound, the Tower
affords great views of the city from the top of its ramparts.