Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, home to one of Australia's most
popular tourist attractions: Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock is
considered one of the great wonders of the world and Australia's
most identifiable natural icon. The rock holds deep significance
for the local Aboriginal people who believe it was formed during
the creation period. The red sandstone landmark is located in the
southern part of the Northern Territory, 280 miles (450 kilometres)
southwest of Alice Springs in central Australia.
It rises majestically more than 1,142 feet (348 metres) out of the
flat desert and its perimeter, at the base, is 5.6 miles (9
The world-renowned rock formation is believed to be an isolated
remnant left after the slow erosion of an original mountain range.
Uluru still inhabits a small population of 300 aboriginals at the
southwest point of the rock. Depending on the time of day, year and
atmospheric conditions the rock can change dramatically in
appearance. During sunset the rock gives off a remarkable red glow,
yet during rainfall the rock can appear slightly grey.