At the western edge of the tiny and landlocked Republic of Nepal, the lush landscape of the Chitwan Valley is an area of tropical lowlands and one of the regions last unspoilt natural ecosystems. The Chitwan Valley is inhabited by numerous rural farming communities as the fertile land is ideal for grain and food crops, but it is the region's non-human inhabitants that provide a compelling reason to visit the area.
Since 1973, more than nine hundred square kilometres of the Chitwan Valley have been legally protected to ensure the preservation of local ecosystems and biodiversity. As a consequence, Nepal's first national conservation area, Chitwan National Park, offers visitors one of Asia's greatest opportunities to observe and encounter wildlife in a natural environment of unparalleled beauty.
Awarded UNESCO World Heritage site status in 1984, approximately seventy percent of Chitwan National Park's area is covered by subtropical rainforest whilst most of the rest is lush grassland. Within this stunning landscape, backdropped by the Himalayan Mountains, some of the world's rarest and most exotic birds and mammals may be found. This is one of the last habitats of the rare Bengal Tiger, the protected One-horned Rhinoceros and the Gharial Crocodile. Many other mammals can be seen in the park, which is also a haven for birdwatchers with 544 bird species observed here.