Beginning in Upper Franconia, the Main winds a scenic course
through the German states of Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Hesse,
passing picturesque villages, fairy-tale castles and lively cities,
before meeting the mighty Rhine River near the city of Mainz.
The Main river is formed near the eastern border of Germany, at
the confluence of two streams; the Red Main, named after the large
amount of clay in the river, and the White Main, named after the
white granite it flows over. The river runs through much of the
country of Germany, from the verdant valleys of the German
Highlands to the attractive landscapes of the lowlands. Flowing
through the magnificent vales, vast forests and medieval villages
of the region, the Main passes through an astonishing 34 dams on
its journey to meet with the Rhine.
Of all the German towns and cities that are scattered around the
path of the Main river, Frankfurt is perhaps the most famous.
Officially named Frankfurt am Main due to its positioning on the
eponymous river, this 2000-year-old city is a major transport and
financial hub, known as the "Gateway to Europe" for its central
location. The vibrant city is a metropolis of modern architecture
and energy, juxtaposed with a myriad of stunning old buildings and
history, including the magnificent Römer, a medieval town hall in
Frankfurt's Old Town that dates back to the 15th century.