Escorted Rail Tours to Milan
The Italian fashion capital
The city of Milan is Italy's economic capital, home to the
Italian Stock Exchange (Borsa Italiana) and the headquarters of
many of the country's big corporations. Milan is Italy's second
largest city, with a population of over 1.3 million. Famous as the
'style capital of the world', Milan is where Armani, Versace, Dolce
& Gabbana, Prada and Gucci all launched their careers in the
Benito Mussolini, as editor of the Milan-based socialist
newspaper "Avanti!", founded the Italian Fascist Party in Milan in
1919. During World War II, Milan suffered extensive bombing
that destroyed many of the ancient and historic buildings in the
city centre - as a result, the city centre is an architectural mix
of old and new, while Milan has the distinction of being Italy's
most modern city.
The 'Teatro alla Scala' is one of the most famous opera houses in
the world, which is located in Milan's historic centre. La Scala
has suffered a variety of disasters since it opened in 1778, having
already been built from the ashes of the Teatro Regio Ducale, which
was destroyed by fire on the same site in 1776. In 1943, during
World War II, the theatre was fire-bombed. It was reopened in 1946.
Most recently, the theatre underwent a major refurbishment from
2002 to 2004; it is still one of the world's foremost opera venues.
Santa Maria delle Grazie The 'Holy Mary of Grace' is a church in
Milan which has been awarded UNESCO World Heritage status - largely
because it contains the mural of the Last Supper, one of Leonardo
da Vinci's most famous works.
The 'Duomo di Milano' is the fourth largest cathedral in the world
(the largest Gothic cathedral) and took nearly six centuries to
complete. The famous white marble cathedral has hundreds of spires,
large and small, while there are thousands of statues adorning its
famous façade. It is possible to climb to the top of the cathedral
for superb views across Milan from the rooftop.
The Castello Sforzesco is the former residence of the Duchy of
Milan, located in the centre of the city. Once one of the most
refined noble houses in Europe, today the castle is home to 12
different museums and archives, with varied exhibitions from
Palaeolithic history through to 1950s furniture.