UNESCO World Heritage protected Volubilis is the well-preserved ruins of the 2,000-year-old capital of Roman Mauritania, home of Antony and Cleopatra's daughter Sylene. The former Roman settlement was built on the remains of a Carthaginian city and became an important administrative centre for the region, controlling the production and export of grain and olive oil in what is a highly fertile area. The structures in Volubilis are comparable to other Roman ruins found throughout the Mediterranean area, and the mosaic floors are among the finest in existence.
Although much of northern Africa was abandoned by the Romans at the end of the third century AD, Volubilis existed as an inhabited settlement for much longer, until Moulay Ismail ordered its demolition to provide stone for the building of Meknes in the 18th century. Although some of the original treasures have been moved to the archaeological museum in Rabat, there are still some high quality remains at the site, including the 30 magnificent mosaics in their original positions.