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History of the Orient Express

In 1883, Belgian national Georges Nagelmackers decided to create the first iteration of the Orient Express. The new train was designed to replicate the style of the Pullman trains of the USA, prioritising comfort and style over all else.

The first ever Orient Express journey embarked on June 5th 1883, leaving Paris and travelling 1,243 miles to Vienna. Hauled by steam engine, the train would continue on the same route for several months before the route changed, taking passengers from Paris to Istanbul (or Constantinople as it was known then), through Germany, Austria, Romania and Bulgaria. It was over the next fifty years in which the Orient Express cemented its position as the world's best luxury train, unmatched in intrigue, romance and elegance.

Glamour on the Orient Express

After a short break for the First World War, the Orient Express enjoyed what is regarded as its 'Golden Age', thanks to the considerable popularity of rail travel at the time. Through the roaring twenties and into the thirties, the Express played host to scandalised princes, ambassadors, writers, composers and artists. A variant of the train, from London to Baghdad, was even granted a place in literary notoriety with the publication of Agatha Christie's 'Murder on the Orient Express' in 1934.

The Orient Express was also the site for several important events and meetings in history. Famously, the armistice for the First World War was signed on board the train and later, the year before the Second World War saw the French sign surrender papers to Nazi Germany in another of the carriages.

In fictional events, Bram Stoker's 'Dracula' sees Jonathan Harker, Van Helsing and Mina travel back to Transylvania to battle the titular vampire on board the train, while James Bond fought a rival spy in a carriage for the book and film versions of 'From Russia with Love'. All these events and characters have seen the Orient Express become arguably the most well-known train and rail journey in history.

The Venice Simplon-Orient-Express

With the sixties and seventies, use of the European rail network declined with increased use of the car. A number of variants on the Orient Express stopped running around 1962, including the original Orient Express and the Arlberg Orient Express. Only the Simplon Orient Express remained, and this too was removed from the rails in 1977, hailing the end of George Nagelmacker's Orient Express.

In that same year, James Sherwood, an entrepreneur from the USA bought a number of the original carriages, still decked out with the original wooden panelling and art-deco décor. Using specialist craftsmen, some of them from families who worked on the original train, he restored the carriages of the Orient Express to their former grandeur and christened his new luxury train the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express. Relaunched in 1982 as a leisure train, the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express maintains the tradition of high-class elegance and sophistication which its namesake first pioneered in the late 19th century, journeying on many of the same routes as the original.

Nowadays, the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express harks back to the halcyon days of luxury rail travel in Europe enjoyed by the passengers of the original Orient Express. Magnificent carriages of polished wood, tasteful white decorations and plush comfortable furnishings combine with excellent service and the cuisine of a 5-Star restaurant to make the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express one of the greatest rail journeys on the planet.


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Rome, Sorrento & the Amalfi Coast
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  • DestinationItaly
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Our customers love our History of the Orient Express tours
Rome, Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast
04 Nov 2022
Mark Warrick
5 stars
“A wonderful holiday with a varied itinerary that included history, spectacular scenery and sunny beaches. Rail travel was smooth and easy and we had some wonderful meals. The hotel in Sorrento was great but its breakfast coffee was best avoided - appalling for Italy - but that was the only poor aspect of a really good time. Tour manager was wonderful.
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