Believed to have been built in the 12th century, but certainly by the 13th century, Predjama Castle is famously built in its unusual position in a sheer rock face. Yet for a castle this makes perfect sense; this defensive structure is effectively barricaded on three of its four sides. Powerful, defiant and virtually impregnable, the castle has stood proudly on the hillside for at least 700 years. The castle was traditionally the home of the Luegers, who were the Imperial Governors of Trieste. Easily the most famous of these was the headstrong, rebellious knight Erazem, a "robber baron" who is the subject of a romantic and beautiful legend. This legend is recalled today by Erazem's Tunnel, along which the bravest visitors may still ascend.
From about the 1560s onwards, the castle's owners were increasingly absent. This meant that the castle was still well cared for but managed to escape major building work and structural changes. A view of the renovated castle rooms and their furnishings gives the visitor an idea of how people once lived and worked in the castle - and how well the castle has been preserved. Among the most interesting sights are the living quarters, the chapel and the dungeon. The fascinating objects on view include weapons, oil paintings and a Pietà dating from 1420.