Linz is the third largest city in Austria, the capital of the state of Upper Austria, and was chosen as the European Cultural Capital in 2009. Although not unaffected by fighting, Linz survived World War II largely intact: the Altstadt (Old Town) is much as it was before the war.
Linz is a functional and industrial city, lacking the beauty of Vienna or the fairytale qualities of Salzburg. However, there are still many charms, including the attractive main square. The square is overlooked by the Trinity Column, erected in 1723 as a sign of gratitude that the people of Linz were saved from the perils of war, fire and plague.