Escorted Rail Tours to Kozhikode
Sample history, culture, beach life and beauty in India’s City of Spices
Formerly known as Calicut, the origins of the ancient coastal city of Kozhikode in the Kerala region of southwest India can be traced to the early twelfth century. A century later the city had established itself as a major trading port for spices including pepper, ginger and cinnamon, earning the Kozhikode the nickname 'City of Spices'.
The Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama landed at Kozhikode in 1498, establishing a trade route to Europe and prompting decades of hostilities with the region's ruling dynasty, the Zamorins, who saw the Europeans as a threat to their commercial superiority. Dutch colonists arrived in the city in 1604 and agreed to help expel the Portuguese, but were themselves expelled when the British began to assert their dominance of India.
Kozhikode's rich history has bestowed the city with an abundance of traditional Indian and European architectures, evident in buildings such as the sixteenth-century Matri Dei Cathedral built by the Portuguese and the traditional Tali Hindu Temple which is believed to date back to the fourteenth century.
But there is much more to modern Kozhikode than history and architecture alone. There are beaches to enjoy, including the romantic Beypore Beach which has a lamp lit-pier, museums and art galleries which reveal Kozhikode's culture and evolution in greater detail and picturesque parks in which to relax and enjoy the Keralan sunshine.