Hidden Europe: unique experiences in Europe's cities
8920 · By Katie Shaw
Europe’s cities are treasure troves of culture, teeming with iconic, must-see sights to enthral even the most seasoned of tourists.Read more
A huge, frenetic metropolis, Moscow has the largest population of any city in Europe. No other Russian city offers quite the enormous range of cultural heritage that Moscow has, having played a pivotal role in both the country's political and industrial history since the 13th century.
In the very centre of the city lies the Kremlin, a UNESCO World Heritage site and arguably the most famous landmark in all of Russia. The walled citadel is home to the Russian government and every leader, from the Tsars to Stalin and the current president, has issued orders from within its walls. Today the Kremlin also serves as the official residence of the country's president.
The Armoury boast an incredible range of gold, velvet and precious stones. These treasures were all collected by various leaders over the course of Russia's long history. Some magnificent examples include the Fabergé egg and Catherine the Great's coronation dress.
The Red Square And The Lenin Mausoleum
The iconic Red Square stands proud, and is home to the vast State History Museum. It is easily most famous as the final resting place of Lenin, whose remains have been carefully guarded in the square since his death in 1924.
St Basil's Cathedral
With its round, brilliantly distinctive onion domes, St Basil's Cathedral is an instantly recognisable feature of Moscow's skyline. It was constructed in about 1550 by Ivan the Terrible, in order to celebrate a victory over the Tartars. Having changed very little since its completion, today the cathedral is one of the world's architectural wonders.
Founded in 1524, the complex of the spectacular Novodevichy Convent has stayed almost wholly unchanged since the 17th century and is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. The main structure is the 16th century cathedral, but the octagonal bell tower is one of Moscow's tallest pre-20th century landmarks, and is fascinating to explore.